Epidemiological differences among emergent maxillofacial fractures

Mehmet Özgür ERDOĞAN, Ebru CABUK, Şahin ÇOLAK, Latif DURAN, Barış ERDOĞAN
1.780 473


Maxillofacial fractures are resulted from various types of face trauma. These patients require multidisciplinary approach during diagnosis and management in emergency department. The aim of this study was to present a large series of various traumas to the face in an attempt to identify the relation between the injury pattern and fractures of face. Hospital records of 275 patients treated for maxillofacial trauma from January 2008 to august 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. There was no significant difference in age between male and female patients. Most common injuries were mandibular, zygomatic and midface fractures. Zygomatic arch fractures were significantly higher in automobile and interpersonal violence. Nasal fractures were significantly higher in interpersonal violence cases. Maxilla fractures were significantly higher in automobile accidents, motorcycle accidents. Mandible fractures were nearly equally distributed in various injury causes and no significant relation was found between any types of injury. Common causes of maxillofacial traumas are assaults, motor vehicle accidents and falls. Fractures of mandible are most common fracture of the face in this study. Midface fractures were related with high impact collisions.


Emergency; epidemiology; maxillofacial fracture; maxilla

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5835/jecm.omu.30.02.005


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