A cross-sectional study on oral health status of young adults in Turkish population

ibrahim DURAN, Betül YILMAZ
1.852 542


The purpose of the study is to bring out the oral health status and awareness of young adult population living in different regions of Anatolia. Army recruits aged 19 to 25 years were sampled and a 7 items questionnaire (3 of them was Health Insurence Study (HIS) questions) not including private questions such as name, address, etc; were presented to 2320 randomly selected recruits to bring out the prevalence and incidence of tooth loss, awareness of missing teeth, oral health and its effect on life quality, frequency of dental visits and the reasons of non-regular visits of young adult population in Turkey. For all education group and geographical region, 57.8% volunteers had no missing teeth and in the remainder had at least one missing teeth. Only 2.3% of the volunteers go to a dentist office for control (regularly). 35% of them was disregardful of their oral health and 24.2% of them answered “I don’t know that I should go regularly”. While college graduate population had 7 median value, primary school and secondary school graduates had median score of 8. There was statistically significant difference between them (p<0.05). Increasing pain complaints ensure the reduction of index score. The results illustrated, further investigations should be performed on oral health status of the young population and the effect of oral health status on an individual’s life quality is not well known by Turkish young population. 

J. Exp. Clin. Med., 2014; 31:165-170 


Dental attendance; missing teeth; oral health; young adults

Full Text:



Astrom, A.N., Haugejorden, O., Skaret, E., Trovik, T.A., Klock, K.S., 2005. Oral impacts on daily performance in Norwegian adults: validity, reliability and prevalence estimates. Eur. J. Oral. Sci. 113, 289-296. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2005.00225.x.

Bandura, A., 2004. Health promotion by social cognitive means. Health Educ. Behav. 33, 143-164. doi: 10.1177/1090198104263660.

Brook, R.H., Ware, J.E., Davies-Avery, A., Stewart, A.L., Donald, C.A., Rogers, W.H., Williams, K.N., Johnston, S.A., 1979. Overview of adult health status measures fielded in Rand’s Health Insurance Study. Med. Care. 17, 1-131.

Bullock, C., Boath, E., Lewis, M., Gardam, K., Croft, P., 2001. A case-control study of differences between regular and casual adult attenders in general dental practice. Prim. Dent. Care. 8, 35-40. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/135576101771799407.

Coulter, I., Marcus, M., Atchison, K., 1994. Measuring oral health status: Theoreticaland methodological challenges. Soc. Sci. Med. 38, 153115 doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(94)90115-5.

Cushing, A.M., Sheiam, A., Maizels, J., 1985. Developing socio-dental indicators-The social impact of dental disease. Community. Dent. Health. 3, 3Dolan, T.A., Goocli, Hi., Bourque, L.B., 1991. Associations of self-reported dental health and general heallh measures in the Rand Health Insurance Experiment. Community Dent. Oral. Epidemiol. 19, 1-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1991.tb00095.x.

Fernandes, M.J., Ruta, D.A., Ogden, G.R., Pitts, N.B., Ogstone, S.A., 20066. Assessing oral health-related quality of life in general dental practice in Scotland: Validation of the OHIP-14. Community Dent.Oral.Epidemiol, 2006. 34, 53-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2006.00254.x.

Gift, H., Redford, M., 1992. Oral health and the quality of life. Clin. Geriatr. Med. 8, 673-683.

Hescot, P., Bourgeois, D., Doury, J., 1997. Oral health in 35-44 year old adults in France. Int. Dent. J. 47, 94-99. doi: 10.1111/j.1875-595X.1997. tb006x.

Hopcraft, M., Morgan, M., 2003. Dental caries experience in a young adult military population. Australian Dent. J. 48, 125-129. doi: 10.1111/ j.1834-7819.2003.tb00021.x.

Hugoson, A., Koch, G., Gothberg, C., Helkimo, A.N., Lundin, S.A., Norderyd, O., Sjödin, B., Sondell, K., 2005. Oral health of individuals aged 3-80 years in Jonkoping, Sweden during 30 years (1973-2003). II. Review of clinical and radiographic findings. Swed. Dent. J. 29, 139-155. Locker, D., 1988. Measuring oral health: A conceptual framework. Community. Dent. Health. 5, 3-18.

Locker, D., 1997. Concepts of oral health disease and quality of life, Slade GD (Ed). Measuring oral health and quality of life. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina, Department of Dental Ecology, 11-25.

Locker, D., Gruska, M., 1987. The impact of dental and facial pain. J. Dent. Res. 66, 1414-1417. doi:10.1177/00220345870660090101.

Reisine, S., 1981. Theoretical considerations in formulating socio-dental indicators. Soc. Sci. Med. A. 15, 745-750. doi: 10.1016/02717123(81)90018-3.

Richards, W., Scourfield, S., 1996. Oral ill-health in a general dental practice in South Wales. Primary Dent. Care. 3, 6-13. doi: 1308/135576102322492972.

Rosenberg, D., Kaplan, S., Senie, R., Badner, V., 1988. Relationships among denial functional status, clinical dental measures, and generic health measures. J. Dent. Educ. 52, 653-657.

Salzmann, J.A., 1969. Orthodontic parameter for epidemiologic determination. Am. J. Orthod. 55, 103-104.

Sheiham, A., Maizels, J., Cushing, A., Holmes, J., 1985. Dental attendance and dental status: Dental attendance and dental status. Community Dent. Oral. Epidemiol. 13, 304-309.

Todd, J.E., Walker, A.M., 1980. Adult dental health. England and Wales 1968-1978 Social Survey Division, London. pp. 1, 116.

Yewe-Dwyer, M., 1993. The definition of oral health. Brit. Dent. J. 174, 224-225. doi: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4808131.