Comparative correlation analysis of cranial capacity

Aida SARAC-HADZIHALILOVIC, Armina KUKIC, Armina KUKIC, Refet GOJAK, Refet GOJAK
1.811 429

Abstract


The objectives of this study were to apply craniometric method in assessing skull capacity, determining the distribution of the known skull dimensions (length, width and height) and determining the cranial capacity separately by gender in the total sample and to examine the correlation between the results of cranial capacity in relation to gender and age. The materials used for this study were samples of 120 macerated and degreased skulls, 60 male and 60 female, with a average age of 57.97 years (±SD 18.45). The operating method was the craniometric method. The results showed that gender affects the value of cranial capacity, which was higher in males, whereas the effect of age was not proven statistically significant. The capacity of the skull had highly positive statistic correlation with the width, height and length of the particular. Male’s skulls were on average longer, higher and wider than the female’s skulls. Male’s skulls were on average of larger capacity than the female’s skull. Skull age as a factor had no effect on the value of cranial capacity. The skull length was the most dominant factor in determining the cranial capacity.


Keywords


Cranial capacity; craniometry; height of the skull; length of the skull; skull; width of the skull

Full Text:

19-24


References


Alves, H.A., Santos, M.I.M.P., Melo, F.C.L., Wellington, R., 2011. Comparative study of the cephalic index of the population from the regions of the North and South of Brazil. Int. J. Morphol. 29, 1370-1374.

Bubić, I., 1973. Seksualne oznake na lobanji čovjeka. Folia anatimica. 2, 17-28.

Bubić, I., 1974. Allometric and graphical presentation of the sexual signs of the human skull. Folia Medica Facultatis Medicinae Universitatis Saraevienesis. 9, 127-129.

Buretić-Tomljanović, A., Ristić, S., Brajenović-Milić, B., Ostojić, S., Gombac, E., Kapović, M., 2004. Secular change in body height and cephalic index of Croatian medical students (University of Rijeka). American journal of physical anthropology. 123, 91-6.

Eshel, Y., Abboud, S., 1997. Correlation between source asymmetry and scalp potential asymmetry in a prolate spheroid model of the head. Computers in Biology and Medicine. 27, 87-96.

George, R.M., 1987. The lateral craniographic method of facial reconstruction. J. Forensic. Sci. 32, 1305-1330.

Gould, S.J., 1978. Morton’s ranking of races by cranial capacity. Science. 200, 503-509.

Hadžiselimović, H., 1974. O asimetriji čovječjeg mozga. Radovi LI. Odjeljenje medicinskih nauka. 18, 106-110.

Hadžiselimović, R., Lelo, S., Šljuka, S., 2009. Bioantropološki praktikum. XI-dopunjeno izdanje. Sarajevo, BiH.

Hwang, Y.I., Lee, K.H., Choi, B.Y., Lee, K.S., Lee, H.Y., Sir, W.S., Kim, H.J., Koh, H.S., Han, S.H., Chung, M.S., et al.1995. Study on the Korean adult cranial capacity. Korean. J. Med. Sci. 10, 239-242.

Jo, A., 1964. Dimenzije tvrdog nepca i njihov međusobni odnos. Glasnik antropološkog društva Jugoslavije. 1, 57-63.

Krmpotić-Nemanić, J., Keros, P., Ivančić-Košuta, M., 1977. Prilagodba aksijalnog skeleta uspravnom stavu. Glasnik antropološkog društva Jugoslavije. 14, 15-17.

Maina, M.B., Madhi, O., Kalayi, G.D., 2001. Sexual dimorphism in cranial dimensions among three ethnic groups of North-Eastern Nigeria. American journal of scientific and industrial researc. 2, 871-876.

Maina, M.B., Shapu, Y.C., Garba, S,H., Muhammad, M.A., Garb, A.M., Yaro, A.U., Omoniyi, O.N., 2011. Assessments of cranial capacities in a North-Eastern Adult Nigerian Population. Journal of Applied Sciences. 11, 2662-2665.

Manoharrao-Salve, V., Raghunandan-Thota, N., Patibandla, A., 2011. the study of cephalic index of andhra region (India). Asian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2, 53-55.

Marinescu, M., Panaitescu, V., Rosu, M., Maru, N., Punga, A., 2014. Sexual dimorphism of crania in a Romanian population: Discriminant function analysis approach for sex estimation. Rom. J. Leg. Med. 22, 21-26.

Nooranipour, M., Farahan, R.M., 2008. Estimation of cranial capacity and brain weight in 18-22-year-old Iranian adults. Clin. Neural. Neurosurg. 110, 997-1002.

Özdemir, F., Uzun, A., Sahin, B., Acar, M.A., 2012. Comparative study of the nasal anthropometric measurements in young Turkish males and females. Anatomy-International journal of Experimental and Clinical anatomy. 6 suppl S.

Richard, L., 1993. Further evidence for the existence of race and sex differences in cranial capacity. Social behaviour and personality: An internationl journal. 21, 89-92.

Russo, P., Smith, P., Luiz, R., 2011. Asymmetry of human skull base during growth. International Journal of Morphology. 29, 1028-1032.

Sarač-Hadžihalilović, A., Dilberović, F., 2004. Study on skull asymmetry. Bosnian Journal of basic medical sciences. 3, 40-46.

Sarač-Hadžihalilović, A., Dilberović, F., 2006. The statistic-matematicalanalysis of diagonaldiametres of the skull. Acta Informatica Medica.14, 118-122.

Sargolzaei S., Goryawala, M., Cabrerizo, M., Chen, G., Jayakar, P., Duara, R., Barker, W., Adjouadi, M., 2014. Comparative reliability analysis of publicly available softwarepackages for automatic intracranial volume estimation. IEEE. 2342-2345.

Topić, B., Hadžiselimović, H., Tomić, V., Savković, Lj., Demorović, D., Filipović M.,1976. Stomatological aspects of maxillary portions of various types of skull. Folia Medica Facultatis Medicinae Universitas Saraevienesis. 12, 169-171.

Tomić, V., 1982. Prilog poznavanju izgleda lične lobanje čovjeka. Folia anatomica Jug. 12, 83-89.